Tuesday, March 14, 2017

Gandhi Journal Article-III (March 2017) - Aung San Suu Kyi - In Gandhi's Footsteps

Gandhi Journal Article-III ( MARCH 2017 )

Aung San Suu Kyi - In Gandhi's Footsteps

By Dr. Anupma Kaushik


Introduction : Her life and family

Aung San Suu Kyi was born on 19 June 1945 in Rangoon. She derives her name from three relatives. Aung San from her father, Suu from her paternal grandmother and Kyi from her mother Khin Kyi. She is frequently called Daw Suu by the Burmese or Amay Suu, i.e. Mother Suu by some followers. (Gandhi was called Bapu by his followers) Suu Kyi is the third child and only daughter of Aung San considered to be the father of modern-day Burma. Her father founded the modern Burmese army and negotiated Burma's independence from the British Empire in 1947 but was assassinated by his rival in the same year. She grew up with her mother, Khin Kyi and two brothers, Aung San Lin and Aung San Oo, in Rangoon. Aung San Lin died at age eight, when he drowned in an ornamental lake on the grounds of the house. Her elder brother immigrated to San Diego, California, becoming a United States citizen. After Aung San Lin's death, the family moved to a house by Inya Lake where Suu Kyi met people of very different backgrounds, political views and religions. She was educated in Methodist English High School for much of her childhood in Burma, where she was noted as having a talent for learning languages.

Thought For The Day ( UNIVERSITY )

Mahatma Gandhi Quotes on University

Saturday, March 11, 2017

Gandhi Journal Article-II ( MARCH 2017 ) - The Power of Non-violence

Gandhi Journal Article-II ( MARCH 2017 )

The Power of Non-violence

By M.K. Gandhi

NON-VIOLENCE IN its dynamic condition means conscious suffering. It does not mean meek submission to the will of the evil-doer, but it means the pitting of one's whole soul against the will of the tyrant. Working under this law of our being, it is possible for a single individual to defy the whole might of an unjust empire to save his honour, his religion, his soul and lay the foundation for that empire's fall or its regeneration. (YI, 1-8-1920, p. 3)

Thought For The Day ( PRAYER )

Mahatma Gandhi Quotes on Prayer

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Woman’s Status – Not Weaker Sex

Woman’s Status – Not Weaker Sex

To call woman the weaker sex is a libel; it is man’s injustice to woman. If by strength is meant brute strength, then, indeed, is woman less brute than man. If by strength is meant moral power, then woman is immeasurably man’s superior. Has she not greater powers of endurance, has she not greater courage? Without her man could not be. If non-violence is the law of our being, the future is with woman….. Who can make a more effective appeal to the heart than woman? (Young India, 10.04.1930, p. 121)

Woman, I hold, is the personification of self-sacrifice, but unfortunately today she does not realize what a tremendous advantage she has over man. As Tolstoy used to say, they are laboring under the hypnotic influence of man. If they would realize the strength of non-violence they would not consent to be called the weaker sex. (Young India, 14.01.1932, p. 19)

- M.K. Gandhi


स्त्रियांचे समाजातील स्थान – अबला नाही

नारीला अबला म्हणणे तिची निंदा करणे आहे. हा पुरुषाने स्त्रीचा केलेला अपमान आहे. शक्तीचा अर्थ पाशवी शक्ती असा असेल तर खरोखरच पुरुषाच्या तुलनेत स्त्रीमध्ये पाशवीपणा कमी आहे आणि शक्तीचा अर्थ नैतिक शक्ती असा असेल तर निश्चितपणे पुरुषांच्या तुलनेत स्त्री किती तरी श्रेष्ठ आहे. स्त्रीमध्ये पुरुषापेक्षा अधिक स्वार्थत्याग, अधिक सहिष्णुता, अधिक साहस नाही काय? तिच्याशिवाय पुरुषाला कोणतेही अस्तित्व नाही. अहिंसा जर मानवजातीचा नियम असेल तर भविष्य स्त्रीच्या हाती आहे..... हृदयाला आकर्षित करून घेण्याचा गुण स्त्रियांपेक्षा जास्त कोणात असू शकतो? (यंग इंडिया, १०.०४.१९३०, पृ. १२१)

मला वाटते की, स्त्री ही स्वार्थत्यागाची मूर्ती आहे, परंतु आपण पुरुषापेक्षा किती श्रेष्ठ आहोत ते तिला दुर्दैवाने कळत नाही. टॉलस्टॉय म्हणत त्याप्रमाणे स्त्रिया पुरुषाच्या संमोहक प्रभावाखाली अजूनही वावरत आहेत. त्यांना जर अहिंसेच्या शक्तीचा परिचय झाला तर त्या स्वतःला अबला म्हणवून घ्यायला कधीही तयार होणार नाहीत. (यंग इंडिया, १४.०१.१९३२, पृ. १९)

- मो.क. गांधी


समाज में स्त्रियों की स्थिति – अबला नहीं

नारी को अबला कहना उसकी निंदा करना है; यह पुरुष का नारी के प्रति अन्याय है | यदि शक्ति का अर्थ पाशविक शक्ति है तो सचमुच पुरुष की तुलना में स्त्री में पाशविकता कम है | और यदि शक्ति का अर्थ नैतिक शक्ति है तो स्त्री निश्चित रूप से पुरुष की अपेक्षा कहीं अधिक श्रेष्ठ है | क्या उसमें पुरुष की अपेक्षा अधिक अंतःप्रज्ञा, अधिक आत्मत्याग, अधिक सहिष्णुता और अधिक साहस नहीं है? उसके बिना पुरुष का कोई अस्तित्व नहीं है | यदि अहिंसा मानव जाति का नियम है तो भविष्य नारी जाति के हाथ में है..... ह्रदय को आकर्षित करने का गुण स्त्री से ज्यादा और किसमें हो सकता है? (यंग इंडिया, १०.०४.१९३०, पृ. १२१)

मेरा मानना है की स्त्री आत्मत्याग की मूर्ति है, लेकिन दुर्भाग्य से आज वह यह समझ नहीं पा रही है की वह पुरुष से कितनी श्रेष्ठ है | जैसा कि टाल्सस्टॉय ने कहा है, वे पुरुष के सम्मोहक प्रभाव से आक्रांत है | यदि वे अहिंसा की शक्ति पहचान लें तो वे अपने को अबला कहे जाने के लिए हरगिज राजी नहीं होंगी | (यंग इंडिया, १४.०१.१९३२, पृ. १९)

- मो.क. गांधी

Thought For The Day ( WOMEN )

Mahatma Gandhi Quotes on Women

Friday, March 3, 2017

Gandhi Journal Article-I ( MARCH 2017 ) - Relevance of Gandhian principles in Agriculture

Gandhi Journal Article-I ( MARCH 2017 )

Relevance of Gandhian principles in Agriculture

By Balamurali Balaji 
Agriculture is the ancient, essential and the foremost important occupation in the world. Man began systematic cultivating of plants and crops thousands of years ago and produced food for the very basic need of life. In order to meet the needs of everyone, he ought to adopt various methods of cultivation, store grains and the produces, and enrich the ways of consuming the produces. He had to fight with the nature, the primary threat the agricultural farms face every day that includes sunlight, heat, rainfall, soil and other climatic conditions. As the methods of cultivation evolve, the risks also develop for the cultivators to obtain the effective yields as expected.

Today’s risks are different from what the farmers dealt in the yesteryears. Most of the risks are artificially created, and some are politically motivated. The government and the administration have been playing a double role of educating the farmers on appropriate methods of cultivation on one hand and denying the rights of the farmers in implementing those methods on the other.  Farmer’s profession has been highly politicized when it comes to accruing loans, grants, resources and lastly in selling the produces too.

The agricultural sector has gone in to the exorbitant state of horrified scenes that include farmer suicides, desiccated crops, and dried lands with no water. Deaths due to starvation and lack of nourished food are another tragic affair going on in the country.

What Gandhi can do in such critical situation? Do farmers become greedier? Or, do they have something learn from the teachings of Gandhi to sustain prevailing conditions that throw them out of their profession succumbing to natural and artificially created atmosphere in the field of agriculture? This article broadly explores the agricultural scenario and tries to answer these questions.


Thought For The Day ( NATURE )

Mahatma Gandhi Quotes on Nature